Our Automated Future - must read on the future of work

“Google offers a vivid illustration of how new technologies create new opportunities. Two computer-science students at Stanford go looking for a research project, and the result, within two decades, is worth more than the G.D.P. of a country like Norway or Austria. But Google also illustrates how, in the age of automation, new wealth can be created without creating new jobs. Google employs about sixty thousand workers. General Motors, which has a tenth of the market capitalization, employs two hundred and fifteen thousand people. And this is G.M. post-Watson. In the late nineteen-seventies, the carmaker’s workforce numbered more than eight hundred thousand.”

Our Automated Future
http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2016/12/19/our-automated-future
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Our Automated Future - must read piece via The New Yorker

“Jerry Kaplan is a computer scientist and entrepreneur who teaches at Stanford. In “Humans Need Not Apply: A Guide to Wealth and Work in the Age of Artificial Intelligence” (Yale), he notes that most workplaces are set up to suit the way people think. In a warehouse staffed by people, like items are stored near one another—mops next to brooms next to dustpans—so their location is easy for stock clerks to remember. Computers don’t need such mnemonics; they’re programmed to know where things are. So a warehouse organized for a robotic workforce can be arranged according to entirely different principles, with mops, say, stored next to glue guns because the two happen to be often ordered together.”

Our Automated Future
http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2016/12/19/our-automated-future
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9 Artificial Intelligence Stats That Will Blow You Away

“Bye bye, call centers and wait times. According to researcher Gartner, AI bots will power 85% of all customer service interactions by the year 2020. Given Facebook and other messaging platforms have already seen significant adoption of customer service bots on their chat apps, this shouldn’t necessarily come as a huge surprise. Since this use of AI can help reduce wait times for many types of interactions, this trend sounds like a win for businesses and customers alike.”

9 Artificial Intelligence Stats That Will Blow You Away
http://www.foxbusiness.com/markets/2016/12/10/artificial-intelligence-stats-that-will-blow-away.html
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Is Universal Basic Income the Answer to an Automated Future? Via Peter Diamandis

“the most compelling study demonstrating how universal basic income could work comes from a small town in Canada.

From 1974 to 1979, the Canadian government partnered with the province of Manitoba to run an experiment on the idea of providing a minimum income to residents called MINCOME.

MINCOME was a guaranteed annual income offered to every eligible family in Dauphin, a prairie town of about 10,000, and smaller numbers of residents in Winnipeg and some rural communities throughout the province.

So what happened to families receiving MINCOME?

They had fewer hospitalizations
They had fewer accidents and injuries
Mental health hospitalizations fell dramatically
High school graduation rates increased
Younger adolescent girls were less likely to give birth before age 25, and when they did, they had fewer kids”

Is Universal Basic Income the Answer to an Automated Future?
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/universal-basic-income-peter-diamandis
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Four Futures: Life After Capitalism review – will robots bring utopia or terror?

“The great danger posed by the automation of production, in the context of a world of hierarchy and scarce resources,” Frase says, “is that it makes the great mass of people superfluous from the standpoint of the ruling elite.”

Four Futures: Life After Capitalism review – will robots bring utopia or terror?
http://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/nov/24/four-futures-life-after-capitalism-peter-frase-review-robots
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Must read this book ;)

What Stephen Hawking gets right and wrong about ‘the most dangerous time for our planet’

“Technology is the main culprit here, widening the gulf between the haves and the have-nots. As Hawking explained, automation has already decimated jobs in manufacturing and is allowing Wall Street to accrue huge rewards that the rest of us underwrite. Over the next few years, technology will take more jobs from humans. Robots will drive the taxis and trucks; drones will deliver our mail and groceries; machines will flip hamburgers and serve meals. And, if Amazon’s new cashierless stores are a success, supermarkets will replace cashiers with sensors. This is not speculation; it is imminent.”

What Stephen Hawking gets right and wrong about ‘the most dangerous time for our planet’
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/what-stephen-hawking-gets-right-wrong-most-dangerous-time-wadhwa
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Insight From the Dalai Lama Applied to AI Ethics -via Future of Life Institute

“One of the primary objectives — if not the primary objective — of artificial intelligence is to improve life for all people. But an equally powerful motivator to create AI is to improve profits. These two goals can occasionally be at odds with each other.

Currently, with AI becoming smarter and automation becoming more efficient, many in AI and government are worried about mass unemployment. But the results of mass unemployment may be even worse than most people suspect. A study released last year found that 1 in 5 people who committed suicide were unemployed. Another study found significant increases in suicide rates during recessions and the Great Depression.

A common solution that’s often suggested to address mass unemployment is that of a universal basic income (UBI). A UBI would ensure everyone has at least some amount of income. However, this would not address non-financial downsides of unemployment.”

Insight From the Dalai Lama Applied to AI Ethics - Future of Life Institute
http://futureoflife.org/2016/11/10/insight-dalai-lama-applied-ai-ethics/
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Could you soon fly an airplane with your mind?

“What kind of things do you think we will be doing with our minds?

Look at it this way: a hundred years ago this interview would have happened with pen and paper through letters. Think of how much detail is lost through that method of communication. We could turn out a meaningful dialogue, but the emotional content would be largely lost. Today we are having it on a telephone, so you have an added layer of understanding through my voice, my enthusiasm, how I say things.

Then, if we have this conversation face to face, you can add even more detail. How my face looks as I speak, my hand gestures and so on.

Now, imagine if we spoke brain to brain and you could actually feel how I was feeling, understand what it is I am trying to say. You would know exactly what i am trying to tell you.”

Could you soon fly an airplane with your mind?
http://weforum.org/agenda/2016/11/could-you-soon-fly-an-airplane-with-your-mind/
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Silicon Valley Has an Empathy Vacuum (that's putting it mildly) via GigaOM

“Silicon Valley’s biggest failing is not poor marketing of its products, or follow-through on promises, but, rather, the distinct lack of empathy for those whose lives are disturbed by its technological wizardry. Two years ago, on my blog, I wrote, “It is important for us to talk about the societal impact of what Google is doing or what Facebook can do with all the data. If it can influence emotions (for increased engagements), can it compromise the political process?””

Silicon Valley Has an Empathy Vacuum
http://www.newyorker.com/business/currency/silicon-valley-has-an-empathy-vacuum
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Death Is Optional | Edge.org. Fascinating conversation with YUVAL NOAH HARARI and Daniel Kahnemann

“Once you really solve a problem like direct brain-computer interface ... when brains and computers can interact directly, that's it, that's the end of history, that's the end of biology as we know it. Nobody has a clue what will happen once you solve this. If life can break out of the organic realm into the vastness of the inorganic realm, you cannot even begin to imagine what the consequences will be, because your imagination at present is organic. So if there is a point of Singularity, by definition, we have no way of even starting to imagine what's happening beyond that.”

Death Is Optional | Edge.org
https://www.edge.org/conversation/yuval_noah_harari-daniel_kahneman-death-is-optional
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