Beware corporate ‘machinewashing’ of AI

“To compound the problem, the baleful effects of AI are often rooted in the very algorithms that drive many tech companies’ profit streams. Economists call such societal costs “negative externalities.” A key component of a negative externality is that the selling or buying of the product itself doesn’t price in the costs borne by others in society as a result of this transaction.

For instance, if people are clicking like crazy on ideologically divisive content served up by personalized algorithms designed to manipulate emotions, it may make both the social media company and the individual user happy in the moment. But it’s inarguably a bad thing for the world. However, those clicks equal money, and when you’re answering to impatient shareholders, greed has an edge over principle.”

Beware corporate ‘machinewashing’ of AI
https://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2019/01/07/beware-corporate-machinewashing/IwB1GkAxBlFaOzfo8Wh0IN/story.html
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How Much of the Internet Is Fake?

“What’s gone from the internet, after all, isn’t “truth,” but trust: the sense that the people and things we encounter are what they represent themselves to be. Years of metrics-driven growth, lucrative manipulative systems, and unregulated platform marketplaces, have created an environment where it makes more sense to be fake online — to be disingenuous and cynical, to lie and cheat, to misrepresent and distort — than it does to be real. Fixing that would require cultural and political reform in Silicon Valley and around the world, but it’s our only choice. Otherwise we’ll all end up on the bot internet of fake people, fake clicks, fake sites, and fake computers, where the only real thing is the ads.”

How Much of the Internet Is Fake?
http://nymag.com/intelligencer/2018/12/how-much-of-the-internet-is-fake.html
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A Conversation with Rudy Rucker

“one of Wolfram's points has been that any natural process can embody universal computation. Once you have universal computation, it seems like in principle, you might be able to get intelligent behavior emerging even if it's not programmed. So then, it's not clear that there's some bright line that separates human intelligence from the rest of the intelligence. I think when we say "artificial intelligence," what we're getting at is the idea that it would be something that we could bring into being, either by designing or probably more likely by evolving it in a laboratory setting.”

Episode 76: A Conversation with Rudy Rucker
https://voicesinai.com/episode/episode-76-a-conversation-with-rudy-rucker/?utm_campaign=Petervan%27s+Delicacies&utm_medium=email&utm_source=Revue+newsletter
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The Anti-Human Religion of Silicon Valley – Douglas Rushkoff – Medium must-read!!

“The anti-human agenda of technologists might not be so bad — or might never be fully realized — if it didn’t dovetail so neatly with the anti-human agenda of corporate capitalism. Each enables the other, reinforcing an abstract, growth-based scheme of infinite expansion — utterly incompatible with human life or the sustainability of our ecosystem. They both depend on a transcendent climax where the chrysalis of matter is left behind and humanity is reborn as pure consciousness or pure capital.”

The Anti-Human Religion of Silicon Valley – Douglas Rushkoff – Medium
https://medium.com/s/douglas-rushkoff/the-anti-human-religion-of-silicon-valley-ac37d5528683
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Microsoft Warns Washington to Regulate A.I. Before Its Too Late

“AI Now—a group composed of tech employees from companies including Microsoft and Google, and affiliated with New York University—says exemplify the need for stricter regulation of artificial intelligence. The group’s report, published Thursday, underscores the inherent dangers in using A.I. to do things like amplify surveillance in fields including finance and policing, and argues that accountability and oversight are necessities where this type of nascent technology is concerned. Crucially, they argue, people should be able to opt out of facial-recognition systems altogether. “Mere public notice of their use is not sufficient, and there should be a high threshold for any consent, given the dangers of oppressive and continual mass surveillance,” the organization writes. “These tools are very suspect and based on faulty science,””

Microsoft Warns Washington to Regulate A.I. Before Its Too Late
https://www.vanityfair.com/news/2018/12/microsoft-warns-washington-to-regulate-ai-before-its-too-late
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One of the fathers of AI is worried about its future - we need more democracy in A.I. research !

“another reason why we need to have more democracy in AI research. It’s that AI research by itself will tend to lead to concentrations of power, money, and researchers. The best students want to go to the best companies. They have much more money, they have much more data. And this is not healthy. Even in a democracy, it’s dangerous to have too much power concentrated in a few hands.”

One of the fathers of AI is worried about its future
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/612434/one-of-the-fathers-of-ai-is-worried-about-its-future/
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The future of artificial intelligence depends on human wisdom - some good AI stats

“Where the physical and intellectual capacities of humans are inherently limited, AI has the potential to add to that reservoir of capacity to improve lives.

Then, of course, there is the money. As a result of AI, it is projected that global GDP would increase by up to 14 percent in 2030, an estimated increase of $15.7 trillion, with the greatest gains to come in China (26 percent increase in GDP) and the U.S. (14 percent increase in GDP). Gartner predicts that by 2020, almost all new software will contain AI elements.

Huge amounts are already being invested by businesses that seek the efficiency gains and outsized accomplishments AI promises. Venture capital investment in AI startups grew 463 percent from 2012-2017. A McKinsey report noted that global demand for data scientists has exceeded supply by over 50 percent in 2018 alone. They are so coveted that some Chinese companies are reportedly hiring senior machine learning researchers with salaries above $500,000. According to Mark Cuban, by 2017 Google had incorporated AI into its business model and generated $9 billion more as a result and Cuban also posited that the world’s first trillionaire would stem from the AI field.”

The future of artificial intelligence depends on human wisdom
https://www.salon.com/2018/11/17/the-future-of-artificial-intelligence-depends-on-human-wisdom/
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Automation may take our jobs—but it’ll restore our humanity

“One implication of all this is that for humans to succeed in the AI-powered future, we need to double down on our humanity. Technical skills will no doubt remain important in the future of work, but as AI allows us to automate repetitive tasks across many industries, these will in many cases take a back seat to soft skills. Communication, emotional intelligence, creativity, critical thinking, collaboration, and cognitive flexibility will become the most sought-after abilities. To prepare for that future, we need to emphasize developing higher-order thinking and emotional skills.”

Automation may take our jobs—but it’ll restore our humanity
https://qz.com/1054034/automation-may-take-our-jobs-but-itll-restore-our-humanity/
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Mindset and Heartset - a crucial message !

“The focus on mindset has even deeper roots. If we go back to the Enlightenment from the late 1600’s to the early 1800’s, the key message from the great thinkers of that time was to celebrate the power of the mind and all that it could accomplish. It’s not an accident that this era was also known as the “Age of Reason.” The mind is of course a powerful vehicle for driving amazing insights and accomplishments and should be celebrated. But there’s a risk that we reduce everything to the mind. It’s all about ideas and reason. The body is just a distraction or, at best, something to be nurtured because it holds our mind. Life is so much more complicated than that.”

Mindset and Heartset
https://edgeperspectives.typepad.com/edge_perspectives/2018/11/mindset-and-heartset.html
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Mindset and Heartset - must read by John Hagel

“The key assumption in the room was that it was all about the mind. They assumed that our assumptions and beliefs shape what we feel and what we do. In this view of the world, emotions are a distraction, or at best a second order effect, and it’s ultimately all about our mind.

Expanding our view
I would suggest that we’re a lot more complicated than that. Our emotions aren’t just derivative of our assumptions and beliefs. Emotions shape our perceptions, assumptions, thoughts and beliefs as well. If you try to shape assumptions and beliefs without paying attention to the emotions that already exist, good luck.

We need to move beyond mindset and expand our horizons to address our heartset: what are the emotions that filter how we perceive the world, shape what we believe and influence how we act?”

Mindset and Heartset
https://edgeperspectives.typepad.com/edge_perspectives/2018/11/mindset-and-heartset.html
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