tag:digitalethics.net,2013:/posts Digital Ethics by FuturistGerd 2021-06-12T17:11:29Z Digital Ethics by Futurist Gerd Leonhard tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1702469 2021-06-12T17:11:29Z 2021-06-12T17:11:29Z The global carbon incentive idea
https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/global-carbon-incentive-for-reducing-emissions-by-raghuram-rajan-2021-05

The economic solution is simple: a global carbon incentive (GCI). Every country that emits more than the global average of around five tons per capita would pay annually into a global incentive fund, with the amount calculated by multiplying the excess emissions per capita by the population and the GCI. If the GCI started at $10 per ton, the US would pay around $36 billion, and Saudi Arabia would pay $4.6 billion.


Gerd Leonhard
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1698645 2021-06-03T21:42:02Z 2021-06-03T21:42:02Z ‘Change is Coming.’ Activists Just Scored Big Wins Against ExxonMobil, Chevron and Shell
“And while many energy companies have been willing to reduce emissions in their own operations, they have avoided committing to reducing Scope 3 emissions because it could one day ultimately meaning selling less of their core product rather than just producing it more efficiently.”

‘Change is Coming.’ Activists Just Scored Big Wins Against ExxonMobil, Chevron and Shell
https://time.com/6051404/exxonmobil-board-chevron-shell/
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1684482 2021-04-28T11:07:30Z 2021-06-03T21:47:00Z The EU is considering a ban on AI for mass surveillance and social credit scores
“The creation of a “European Artificial Intelligence Board,” consisting of representatives from every nation-state, to help the commission decide which AI systems count as “high-risk” and to recommend changes to prohibitions”

The EU is considering a ban on AI for mass surveillance and social credit scores
https://www.theverge.com/2021/4/14/22383301/eu-ai-regulation-draft-leak-surveillance-social-credit
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1680070 2021-04-18T09:37:36Z 2021-04-18T09:37:36Z 🔮 AI ethics; Amazon’s good and bad; The cold-hot war; Climate change on Google Earth
“In its unending quest to be the smart city of the future, Dubai signed a contract with US manufacturer Cruise for a fleet of electric autonomous taxis. The Emirate says they will be deployed from 2023 (I would expect some delays). The city will make a fascinating test case for this technology because it is famously home to more than 200 nationalities (and driving styles). The programme should produce a mountain of data for the autonomous car sector.”

🔮 AI ethics; Amazon’s good and bad; The cold-hot war; Climate change on Google Earth & Psilocybin as an antidepressant ++ #318
https://www.exponentialview.co/p/ev-318
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1679555 2021-04-16T21:55:38Z 2021-04-16T21:55:38Z Algoritmos não podem aprender sentimentos, diz futurólogo Gerd Leonhard | Suplementos | Valor Econômico

https://valor.globo.com/publicacoes/suplementos/noticia/2021/04/14/algoritmos-nao-podem-aprender-sentimentos-diz-futurologo-gerd-leonhard.ghtml

Valor: A inteligência artificial faz frente à inteligência humana?

Gerd Leonhard: As máquinas, essencialmente, usam zeros e uns, encontrando padrões e respondendo a eles. Isso é chamado de “machine learning” ou “deep learning”. Os humanos, na verdade, não aprendem a partir de padrões, porque são inteligentes de dez diferentes formas. Há questões como felicidade e consciência que são difíceis de ser definidas. Quando se fala de inteligência humana, muitas vezes nos referimos a um só tipo de inteligência, mas há a inteligência criativa, musical e cinestésica, entre outras. As máquinas só têm uma inteligência, que é a computação, o processamento. Um computador pode ler todos os livros de filosofia em todos os idiomas em poucos minutos, mas isso não fará dele um filósofo. Os computadores têm os dados e nada mais.

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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1674438 2021-04-04T09:13:26Z 2021-04-04T09:13:26Z Reinvent Education As Well As Creating Greater Access
“Even more horrifying, the whole system is preparing kids for the wrong jobs: The basic idea of the education system in the 20th Century was that if you worked hard at school and finished your education you were set for life with a good job. The problem is that most of today's jobs won't exist tomorrow and most of tomorrow's jobs don't exist today. Kids will probably end up having many different jobs throughout their lives.”

Reinvent Education As Well As Creating Greater Access
https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2020/06/28/reinvent-education-ahead-of-creating-greater-access/?sh=56a9f3bb61ed
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1642773 2021-01-20T20:40:17Z 2021-01-27T19:15:54Z Rethinking Friedman: Imagining a More Inclusive Capitalism
“think of d.light, a company started in 2007 to bring off-grid solar electricity to 1.5 billion people who lived in the dark after sunset. That level of energy poverty resulted in leaving a huge swath of people without the fundamental building block to create real change in their lives. Imagine the limitations of your prospects if you lacked the power of electricity.

Two young entrepreneurs — Sam Goldman and Ned Tozun — set out to change that. They understood that making markets work for the poor takes time. More importantly, it would take moral imagination. Only by understanding the poor as customers and building solutions from their perspectives could there be a chance of success. d.light had investors — Acumen was amongst the earliest — but we all understood their priority was serving low-income people in broken markets. Financial returns to shareholders would have to wait — more than a decade, as it turned out. But think of what those returns generated in terms of human energy unleashed: jobs, productivity, human connection, better health and a cleaner, more sustainable environment.”

Rethinking Friedman: Imagining a More Inclusive Capitalism
https://jnovogratz.medium.com/rethinking-friedman-imagining-a-more-inclusive-capitalism-60ab1e43f8d7
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1635200 2021-01-03T14:49:56Z 2021-01-03T14:51:15Z How Germany and Costa Rica are putting nature at the heart of their recoveries: a balanced relationship with nature
“First we need to understand the direct relationship between pandemics and zoonosis (transmission of animal-human diseases),” says Rodriguez. “Only by establishing a balanced relationship with nature can we see key benefits such as improved quality of jobs, food and water security, as well as improved human health.””

How Germany and Costa Rica are putting nature at the heart of their recoveries
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/09/costa-rica-germany-nature-based-policy/
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1634194 2020-12-31T17:05:36Z 2020-12-31T17:05:37Z The year of divergence
“The first is to make big, powerful firms mightier—often because those firms provide products and services on which the self-isolation experiment relied. What used to be a convenience—Amazon’s home delivery, Microsoft’s cloud-based office software, Zoom’s video calls, an evening with Netflix—became a necessity, for remote work during the day and a tolerable life afterwards. Weak companies—or ones that looked strong only thanks to book-cooking—were exposed for what there were, and fell by the wayside.”

The year of divergence
https://www.economist.com/business/2020/12/29/the-year-of-divergence
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1629886 2020-12-20T09:42:45Z 2020-12-20T09:42:45Z The Uncanny Valley Vertigo
“We experience vertigo in the uncanny valley because we’ve spent hundreds of thousands of years fine-tuning our nervous systems to read and respond to the subtlest cues in real faces. We perceive when someone’s eyes squint into a smile, or how their face flushes from the cheeks to the forehead, and we also — at least subconsciously — perceive the absence of these organic barometers. Simulations make us feel like we’re engaged with the nonliving, and that’s creepy.”

The Uncanny Valley Is Our Best Defense
https://medium.com/team-human/the-uncanny-valley-is-our-best-defense-9006f87d3647
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1591917 2020-09-07T19:48:02Z 2020-09-07T19:48:02Z Buckminster Fuller | How he anticipated today's challenges 50 years ago
“Talking about the role of humans versus computers:

“Man is going to be displaced altogether as a specialist by the computer. Man himself is being forced to reestablish, employ, and enjoy his innate “comprehensivity.”
– Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth (1963)”

Buckminster Fuller | How he anticipated today's challenges 50 years ago
https://rossdawson.com/futurist/best-futurists-ever/buckminster-fuller/
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1590485 2020-09-03T21:11:27Z 2020-09-03T21:11:27Z The Privileged Have Entered Their Escape Pods
“The more advanced the tech, the more cocooned insularity it affords.”

The Privileged Have Entered Their Escape Pods
https://onezero.medium.com/the-privileged-have-entered-their-escape-pods-4706b4893af7
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1587620 2020-08-27T14:25:30Z 2020-08-27T14:25:30Z Why efficiency is dangerous and slowing down makes life better | Psyche Ideas
“A decade ago, the American psychologist Adam Grant and I argued in a journal paper that this ‘too much of a good thing’ phenomenon might be a general rule. Some motivation produces excellent performance; too much motivation produces choking. Some group collaboration produces cohesion and enhances productivity; too much of it leads to staleness. Some empathy enables you to understand what another person is going through; too much could prevent you from saying and doing hard things. Similarly, in my book The Paradox of Choice (2004), I argued that, whereas a life with no freedom to choose is not worth living, a life with too much choice leads to paralysis, bad decisions and dissatisfaction. Finding the right amount – what Aristotle called the ‘mean’ – of motivation, collaboration, empathy, choice and many other aspects of life, including efficiency, is a key challenge we face, both as individuals and as a society.”

Why efficiency is dangerous and slowing down makes life better | Psyche Ideas
https://psyche.co/ideas/why-efficiency-is-dangerous-and-slowing-down-makes-life-better
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1585633 2020-08-22T11:31:44Z 2020-08-22T11:31:44Z Best-of-Online-Keynotes Compilation: Virtual Keynote Speaker & Futurist ...
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1582342 2020-08-09T16:10:02Z 2020-08-09T20:37:40Z The Other Global Power Shift | by Joseph S. Nye, Jr. - Project Syndicate
“The spread of information means that power is more widely distributed, and informal networks can undercut the monopoly of traditional bureaucracy. And the speed of online transmission of information means that governments have less control over their agendas, and citizens face new vulnerabilities.”

The Other Global Power Shift | by Joseph S. Nye, Jr. - Project Syndicate
https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/new-technology-threats-to-us-national-security-by-joseph-s-nye-2020-08
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1577827 2020-07-27T21:09:22Z 2020-07-27T21:09:22Z If you’re not terrified about Facebook, you haven’t been paying attention
“We have already been through the equivalent of a social media pandemic – an unstoppable contagion that has sickened our information space, infected our public discourse, silently and invisibly subverted our electoral systems. It’s no longer about if this will happen all over again. Of course, it will. It hasn’t stopped. The question is whether our political systems, society, democracy, will survive – can survive – the age of Facebook.

We are already through the looking glass. In 2016, a hostile foreign government used Facebook to systematically undermine and subvert an American election. With no consequences. Nobody, no company, no individual or nation state has ever been held to account.”

If you’re not terrified about Facebook, you haven’t been paying attention
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/jul/26/with-facebook-we-are-already-through-the-looking-glass
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1574900 2020-07-18T11:30:40Z 2020-07-18T11:30:40Z A curtain that twitches as people walk by creates a delightful paradox of privacy | Aeon Videos

https://aeon.co/videos/a-curtain-that-twitches-as-people-walk-by-creates-a-delightful-paradox-of-privacy
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1572568 2020-07-13T07:06:36Z 2020-07-13T07:06:36Z Don’t ask if artificial intelligence is good or fair, ask how it shifts power
“Many researchers have trouble seeing their intellectual work with AI as furthering inequity. Researchers such as me spend our days working on what are, to us, mathematically beautiful and useful systems, and hearing of AI success stories, such as winning Go championships or showing promise in detecting cancer. It is our responsibility to recognize our skewed perspective and listen to those impacted by AI.”

Don’t ask if artificial intelligence is good or fair, ask how it shifts power
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-02003-2
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1565779 2020-06-27T20:53:37Z 2020-06-28T03:55:49Z Zuckerberg Loses $7 Billion as Firms Boycott Facebook Ads
“Shares of the social media company fell 8.3% on Friday, the most in three months, after Unilever, one of the world’s largest advertisers, joined other brands in boycotting ads on the social network. Unilever said it would stop spending money with Facebook’s properties this year.”

Zuckerberg Loses $7 Billion as Firms Boycott Facebook Ads
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-06-27/mark-zuckerberg-loses-7-billion-as-companies-drop-facebook-ads
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1560341 2020-06-16T20:33:30Z 2020-06-16T20:33:31Z The reason why female leaders are excelling at managing the coronavirus

The reason why female leaders are excelling at managing the coronavirus
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/05/why-women-leaders-are-excelling-during-the-coronavirus-pandemic/

(via Instapaper)

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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1557763 2020-06-11T08:46:52Z 2020-06-11T08:46:52Z Social networks are broken. Here’s the secret to rebuilding trust
“In the same way we rely on labels to instill confidence in our food, medicine, and other consumer goods, we need a similar labeling system to instill trust in the news, video, people, and organizations we encounter in social networks. I propose the following system to help social media companies get started down that road.”

Social networks are broken. Here’s the secret to rebuilding trust
https://www.fastcompany.com/90513504/social-networks-are-broken-heres-the-secret-to-rebuilding-trust
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1556422 2020-06-09T08:10:57Z 2020-06-09T08:10:58Z Mark Zuckerberg is on the wrong side of history

Mark Zuckerberg is on the wrong side of history
https://www.fastcompany.com/90514016/mark-zuckerberg-is-on-the-wrong-side-of-history

(via Instapaper)

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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1555660 2020-06-07T10:42:08Z 2020-06-07T10:42:09Z 🔮 Platform neutrality
“In a nutshell: Facebook, Twitter and other platforms have engaged in a convenient myth of “platform neutrality” which is being regularly unmasked.”

🔮 Facebook; protests; micromobility; cliodynamics, Thermanins and Iceland++ #273
https://www.exponentialview.co/p/-facebook-protests-micromobility
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1549590 2020-05-25T15:41:10Z 2020-05-25T15:41:10Z Why AI ethics should be top of mind for business leaders
“As artificial intelligence continues to shape societies and change economies around the world, business leaders need to be aware of the power of the technology and their responsibility for its ethical deployment, implementation and management.”

Why AI ethics should be top of mind for business leaders
https://www.theceomagazine.com/business/innovation-technology/why-ai-ethics-should-be-top-of-mind-for-business-leaders/
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1548615 2020-05-23T13:27:37Z 2020-05-23T13:27:37Z Amazon was built for the pandemic—and will likely emerge from it stronger than ever
“Well before the pandemic, Amazon was using its digital might to increasingly insinuate itself into our lives. Some 150 million Prime members—a number that grew by 50 million in less than two years—order clothing, staples, and electronics from the e-commerce giant, watch original Prime Video movies and TV shows, and listen to music on Amazon’s streaming media channels. Even consumers who don’t actively use Amazon’s website to shop spend much of their digital lives using services like Netflix that run on Amazon’s ubiquitous AWS servers.

Now the pandemic has accelerated these trends more than anyone could have imagined—and America’s increased reliance on Amazon’s services is likely to stick.”

Amazon was built for the pandemic—and will likely emerge from it stronger than ever
https://fortune.com/2020/05/18/amazon-business-jeff-bezos-amzn-sales-revenue-coronavirus-pandemic/
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1548611 2020-05-23T13:09:04Z 2020-05-23T13:09:04Z Opinion | Telecommuting is not the future
“A company could even save a few bucks on office space!

In behavioral psychology, there’s a concept called the recency bias — we recall with most immediacy the recent past. Right now, keeping workers safe from the coronavirus and other illnesses is a primary consideration for employers. And if you read articles predicting the future of telework, you’ll see that people are assuming it will be the same going forward.

But mercifully, this is unlikely to be true. And this is when the employer will likely remember that money spent on real estate is often money well spent.”

Opinion | Telecommuting is not the future
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2020/05/20/telecommuting-is-not-future/
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1509741 2020-02-15T09:40:58Z 2020-02-15T09:40:59Z The world's 2,153 billionaires have more wealth than 4.6 billion people combined, Oxfam says
“Other suggestions made by Oxfam to help mitigate inequality included investing in national care systems, challenging sexism, introducing laws to protect carers’ rights, and ending extreme wealth.

“Extreme wealth is a sign of a failing economic system,” the report said. “Governments must take steps to radically reduce the gap between the rich and the rest of society and prioritize the wellbeing of all citizens over unsustainable growth and profit.”

The call for a tax overhaul reinforces the charity’s message ahead of last year’s WEF summit, when Oxfam urged governments to hike tax rates for corporations and society’s richest to reduce wealth disparity.”

The world's 2,153 billionaires have more wealth than 4.6 billion people combined, Oxfam says
https://www.cnbc.com/2020/01/20/oxfam-worlds-billionaires-richer-than-a-combined-4point6-billion-people.html
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1493763 2019-12-28T09:59:06Z 2019-12-28T09:59:06Z How Big Tech Manipulates Academia to Avoid Regulation
“Meanwhile, corporations have tried to shift the discussion to focus on voluntary “ethical principles,” “responsible practices,” and technical adjustments or “safeguards” framed in terms of “bias” and “fairness” (e.g., requiring or encouraging police to adopt “unbiased” or “fair” facial recognition). In January 2018, Microsoft published its “ethical principles” for AI, starting with “fairness.” In May, Facebook announced its “commitment to the ethical development and deployment of AI” and a tool to “search for bias” called “Fairness Flow.” In June, Google published its “responsible practices” for AI research and development. In September, IBM announced a tool called “AI Fairness 360,” designed to “check for unwanted bias in datasets and machine learning models.” In January 2019, Facebook granted $7.5 million for the creation of an AI ethics center in Munich, Germany. In March, Amazon co-sponsored a $20 million program on “fairness in AI” with the U.S. National Science Foundation. In April, Google canceled its AI ethics council after backlash over the selection of Kay Coles James, the vocally anti-trans president of the right-wing Heritage Foundation. These corporate initiatives frequently cited academic research that Ito had supported, at least partially, through the MIT-Harvard fund.”

How Big Tech Manipulates Academia to Avoid Regulation
https://theintercept.com/2019/12/20/mit-ethical-ai-artificial-intelligence/?utm_campaign=0277d72712-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_12_21&utm_medium=email&utm_source=The+Intercept+Newsletter&utm_term=0_e00a5122d3-0277d72712-126477317
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1486251 2019-12-07T06:57:15Z 2019-12-07T06:57:18Z Opinion | Our Brains Are No Match for Our Technology
“Content algorithms would continue to drive us down rabbit holes toward extremism and conspiracy theories, since automating recommendations is cheaper than paying human editors to decide what’s worth our time. And radical content, incubated in insular online communities, would continue to inspire mass shootings.

By influencing two billion brains in these ways, today’s social media holds the pen of world history: The forces it has unleashed will affect future elections and even our ability to tell fact from fiction, increasing the divisions within society.”

Opinion | Our Brains Are No Match for Our Technology
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/05/opinion/digital-technology-brain.html
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1479708 2019-11-19T16:24:15Z 2019-11-19T16:24:15Z Singapore wants widespread AI use in smart nation drive | ZDNet
“Domestically, our private and public sectors will use AI decisively to generate economic gains and improve lives. Internationally, Singapore will be recognised as a global hub in innovating, piloting, test-bedding, deploying and scaling AI solutions for impact," said the SNDGO, which is part of the Prime Minister's Office.

To kick off its efforts, the government identified five national projects that focused on key industry challenges, including intelligent freight planning in transport and logistics, chronic disease prediction and management in healthcare, and border clearance operations in national safety and security. These form part of nine sectors that have been earmarked for heightened deployment as AI is expected to generate high social and economic value for Singapore. These verticals include manufacturing, finance, cybersecurity, and government.”

Singapore wants widespread AI use in smart nation drive | ZDNet
https://www.zdnet.com/article/singapore-wants-widespread-ai-use-in-smart-nation-drive/
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