tag:digitalethics.net,2013:/posts Digital Ethics by FuturistGerd 2020-09-07T19:48:02Z Digital Ethics by Futurist Gerd Leonhard tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1591917 2020-09-07T19:48:02Z 2020-09-07T19:48:02Z Buckminster Fuller | How he anticipated today's challenges 50 years ago
“Talking about the role of humans versus computers:

“Man is going to be displaced altogether as a specialist by the computer. Man himself is being forced to reestablish, employ, and enjoy his innate “comprehensivity.”
– Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth (1963)”

Buckminster Fuller | How he anticipated today's challenges 50 years ago
https://rossdawson.com/futurist/best-futurists-ever/buckminster-fuller/
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1590485 2020-09-03T21:11:27Z 2020-09-03T21:11:27Z The Privileged Have Entered Their Escape Pods
“The more advanced the tech, the more cocooned insularity it affords.”

The Privileged Have Entered Their Escape Pods
https://onezero.medium.com/the-privileged-have-entered-their-escape-pods-4706b4893af7
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1587620 2020-08-27T14:25:30Z 2020-08-27T14:25:30Z Why efficiency is dangerous and slowing down makes life better | Psyche Ideas
“A decade ago, the American psychologist Adam Grant and I argued in a journal paper that this ‘too much of a good thing’ phenomenon might be a general rule. Some motivation produces excellent performance; too much motivation produces choking. Some group collaboration produces cohesion and enhances productivity; too much of it leads to staleness. Some empathy enables you to understand what another person is going through; too much could prevent you from saying and doing hard things. Similarly, in my book The Paradox of Choice (2004), I argued that, whereas a life with no freedom to choose is not worth living, a life with too much choice leads to paralysis, bad decisions and dissatisfaction. Finding the right amount – what Aristotle called the ‘mean’ – of motivation, collaboration, empathy, choice and many other aspects of life, including efficiency, is a key challenge we face, both as individuals and as a society.”

Why efficiency is dangerous and slowing down makes life better | Psyche Ideas
https://psyche.co/ideas/why-efficiency-is-dangerous-and-slowing-down-makes-life-better
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1585633 2020-08-22T11:31:44Z 2020-08-22T11:31:44Z Best-of-Online-Keynotes Compilation: Virtual Keynote Speaker & Futurist ...
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1582342 2020-08-09T16:10:02Z 2020-08-09T20:37:40Z The Other Global Power Shift | by Joseph S. Nye, Jr. - Project Syndicate
“The spread of information means that power is more widely distributed, and informal networks can undercut the monopoly of traditional bureaucracy. And the speed of online transmission of information means that governments have less control over their agendas, and citizens face new vulnerabilities.”

The Other Global Power Shift | by Joseph S. Nye, Jr. - Project Syndicate
https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/new-technology-threats-to-us-national-security-by-joseph-s-nye-2020-08
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1577827 2020-07-27T21:09:22Z 2020-07-27T21:09:22Z If you’re not terrified about Facebook, you haven’t been paying attention
“We have already been through the equivalent of a social media pandemic – an unstoppable contagion that has sickened our information space, infected our public discourse, silently and invisibly subverted our electoral systems. It’s no longer about if this will happen all over again. Of course, it will. It hasn’t stopped. The question is whether our political systems, society, democracy, will survive – can survive – the age of Facebook.

We are already through the looking glass. In 2016, a hostile foreign government used Facebook to systematically undermine and subvert an American election. With no consequences. Nobody, no company, no individual or nation state has ever been held to account.”

If you’re not terrified about Facebook, you haven’t been paying attention
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/jul/26/with-facebook-we-are-already-through-the-looking-glass
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1574900 2020-07-18T11:30:40Z 2020-07-18T11:30:40Z A curtain that twitches as people walk by creates a delightful paradox of privacy | Aeon Videos

https://aeon.co/videos/a-curtain-that-twitches-as-people-walk-by-creates-a-delightful-paradox-of-privacy
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1572568 2020-07-13T07:06:36Z 2020-07-13T07:06:36Z Don’t ask if artificial intelligence is good or fair, ask how it shifts power
“Many researchers have trouble seeing their intellectual work with AI as furthering inequity. Researchers such as me spend our days working on what are, to us, mathematically beautiful and useful systems, and hearing of AI success stories, such as winning Go championships or showing promise in detecting cancer. It is our responsibility to recognize our skewed perspective and listen to those impacted by AI.”

Don’t ask if artificial intelligence is good or fair, ask how it shifts power
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-02003-2
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1565779 2020-06-27T20:53:37Z 2020-06-28T03:55:49Z Zuckerberg Loses $7 Billion as Firms Boycott Facebook Ads
“Shares of the social media company fell 8.3% on Friday, the most in three months, after Unilever, one of the world’s largest advertisers, joined other brands in boycotting ads on the social network. Unilever said it would stop spending money with Facebook’s properties this year.”

Zuckerberg Loses $7 Billion as Firms Boycott Facebook Ads
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-06-27/mark-zuckerberg-loses-7-billion-as-companies-drop-facebook-ads
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1560341 2020-06-16T20:33:30Z 2020-06-16T20:33:31Z The reason why female leaders are excelling at managing the coronavirus

The reason why female leaders are excelling at managing the coronavirus
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/05/why-women-leaders-are-excelling-during-the-coronavirus-pandemic/

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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1557763 2020-06-11T08:46:52Z 2020-06-11T08:46:52Z Social networks are broken. Here’s the secret to rebuilding trust
“In the same way we rely on labels to instill confidence in our food, medicine, and other consumer goods, we need a similar labeling system to instill trust in the news, video, people, and organizations we encounter in social networks. I propose the following system to help social media companies get started down that road.”

Social networks are broken. Here’s the secret to rebuilding trust
https://www.fastcompany.com/90513504/social-networks-are-broken-heres-the-secret-to-rebuilding-trust
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1556422 2020-06-09T08:10:57Z 2020-06-09T08:10:58Z Mark Zuckerberg is on the wrong side of history

Mark Zuckerberg is on the wrong side of history
https://www.fastcompany.com/90514016/mark-zuckerberg-is-on-the-wrong-side-of-history

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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1555660 2020-06-07T10:42:08Z 2020-06-07T10:42:09Z 🔮 Platform neutrality
“In a nutshell: Facebook, Twitter and other platforms have engaged in a convenient myth of “platform neutrality” which is being regularly unmasked.”

🔮 Facebook; protests; micromobility; cliodynamics, Thermanins and Iceland++ #273
https://www.exponentialview.co/p/-facebook-protests-micromobility
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1549590 2020-05-25T15:41:10Z 2020-05-25T15:41:10Z Why AI ethics should be top of mind for business leaders
“As artificial intelligence continues to shape societies and change economies around the world, business leaders need to be aware of the power of the technology and their responsibility for its ethical deployment, implementation and management.”

Why AI ethics should be top of mind for business leaders
https://www.theceomagazine.com/business/innovation-technology/why-ai-ethics-should-be-top-of-mind-for-business-leaders/
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1548615 2020-05-23T13:27:37Z 2020-05-23T13:27:37Z Amazon was built for the pandemic—and will likely emerge from it stronger than ever
“Well before the pandemic, Amazon was using its digital might to increasingly insinuate itself into our lives. Some 150 million Prime members—a number that grew by 50 million in less than two years—order clothing, staples, and electronics from the e-commerce giant, watch original Prime Video movies and TV shows, and listen to music on Amazon’s streaming media channels. Even consumers who don’t actively use Amazon’s website to shop spend much of their digital lives using services like Netflix that run on Amazon’s ubiquitous AWS servers.

Now the pandemic has accelerated these trends more than anyone could have imagined—and America’s increased reliance on Amazon’s services is likely to stick.”

Amazon was built for the pandemic—and will likely emerge from it stronger than ever
https://fortune.com/2020/05/18/amazon-business-jeff-bezos-amzn-sales-revenue-coronavirus-pandemic/
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1548611 2020-05-23T13:09:04Z 2020-05-23T13:09:04Z Opinion | Telecommuting is not the future
“A company could even save a few bucks on office space!

In behavioral psychology, there’s a concept called the recency bias — we recall with most immediacy the recent past. Right now, keeping workers safe from the coronavirus and other illnesses is a primary consideration for employers. And if you read articles predicting the future of telework, you’ll see that people are assuming it will be the same going forward.

But mercifully, this is unlikely to be true. And this is when the employer will likely remember that money spent on real estate is often money well spent.”

Opinion | Telecommuting is not the future
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2020/05/20/telecommuting-is-not-future/
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1509741 2020-02-15T09:40:58Z 2020-02-15T09:40:59Z The world's 2,153 billionaires have more wealth than 4.6 billion people combined, Oxfam says
“Other suggestions made by Oxfam to help mitigate inequality included investing in national care systems, challenging sexism, introducing laws to protect carers’ rights, and ending extreme wealth.

“Extreme wealth is a sign of a failing economic system,” the report said. “Governments must take steps to radically reduce the gap between the rich and the rest of society and prioritize the wellbeing of all citizens over unsustainable growth and profit.”

The call for a tax overhaul reinforces the charity’s message ahead of last year’s WEF summit, when Oxfam urged governments to hike tax rates for corporations and society’s richest to reduce wealth disparity.”

The world's 2,153 billionaires have more wealth than 4.6 billion people combined, Oxfam says
https://www.cnbc.com/2020/01/20/oxfam-worlds-billionaires-richer-than-a-combined-4point6-billion-people.html
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1493763 2019-12-28T09:59:06Z 2019-12-28T09:59:06Z How Big Tech Manipulates Academia to Avoid Regulation
“Meanwhile, corporations have tried to shift the discussion to focus on voluntary “ethical principles,” “responsible practices,” and technical adjustments or “safeguards” framed in terms of “bias” and “fairness” (e.g., requiring or encouraging police to adopt “unbiased” or “fair” facial recognition). In January 2018, Microsoft published its “ethical principles” for AI, starting with “fairness.” In May, Facebook announced its “commitment to the ethical development and deployment of AI” and a tool to “search for bias” called “Fairness Flow.” In June, Google published its “responsible practices” for AI research and development. In September, IBM announced a tool called “AI Fairness 360,” designed to “check for unwanted bias in datasets and machine learning models.” In January 2019, Facebook granted $7.5 million for the creation of an AI ethics center in Munich, Germany. In March, Amazon co-sponsored a $20 million program on “fairness in AI” with the U.S. National Science Foundation. In April, Google canceled its AI ethics council after backlash over the selection of Kay Coles James, the vocally anti-trans president of the right-wing Heritage Foundation. These corporate initiatives frequently cited academic research that Ito had supported, at least partially, through the MIT-Harvard fund.”

How Big Tech Manipulates Academia to Avoid Regulation
https://theintercept.com/2019/12/20/mit-ethical-ai-artificial-intelligence/?utm_campaign=0277d72712-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_12_21&utm_medium=email&utm_source=The+Intercept+Newsletter&utm_term=0_e00a5122d3-0277d72712-126477317
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1486251 2019-12-07T06:57:15Z 2019-12-07T06:57:18Z Opinion | Our Brains Are No Match for Our Technology
“Content algorithms would continue to drive us down rabbit holes toward extremism and conspiracy theories, since automating recommendations is cheaper than paying human editors to decide what’s worth our time. And radical content, incubated in insular online communities, would continue to inspire mass shootings.

By influencing two billion brains in these ways, today’s social media holds the pen of world history: The forces it has unleashed will affect future elections and even our ability to tell fact from fiction, increasing the divisions within society.”

Opinion | Our Brains Are No Match for Our Technology
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/05/opinion/digital-technology-brain.html
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1479708 2019-11-19T16:24:15Z 2019-11-19T16:24:15Z Singapore wants widespread AI use in smart nation drive | ZDNet
“Domestically, our private and public sectors will use AI decisively to generate economic gains and improve lives. Internationally, Singapore will be recognised as a global hub in innovating, piloting, test-bedding, deploying and scaling AI solutions for impact," said the SNDGO, which is part of the Prime Minister's Office.

To kick off its efforts, the government identified five national projects that focused on key industry challenges, including intelligent freight planning in transport and logistics, chronic disease prediction and management in healthcare, and border clearance operations in national safety and security. These form part of nine sectors that have been earmarked for heightened deployment as AI is expected to generate high social and economic value for Singapore. These verticals include manufacturing, finance, cybersecurity, and government.”

Singapore wants widespread AI use in smart nation drive | ZDNet
https://www.zdnet.com/article/singapore-wants-widespread-ai-use-in-smart-nation-drive/
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1479110 2019-11-18T11:10:30Z 2019-11-18T11:10:30Z Regulating Technology Firms in the 21st Century - Yang2020 - Andrew Yang for President
“Big Tech companies are the winners of the 21st century economy. They’ve amassed too much power, largely profiting from our personal data, and unaccountable responsibility—we have reached a point where the government needs to step in. And we’re starting to take notice, with about 50% of US adults1 favoring more regulation on tech firms. These companies themselves are asking for regulation (until you propose specifics).

Unfortunately, our government is unequipped to handle it. We dissolved the Office of Technology Assessment in 19952. Recent hearings3 with tech CEOs like Mark Zuckerberg exposed the lack of basic understanding of technology by members of our Congress.

Digital giants such as Facebook, Amazon, Google, and Apple have scale and power that renders them more quasi-sovereign states than conventional companies. They’re making decisions on rights that government usually makes, like speech and safety. Their business models are predicated on keeping people engaged, driven by algorithms that are supercharged by technology to predict our behavior, such as artificial intelligence and machine learning, and that feed off of our data, creating an increasing asymmetry of power without any accountability.”

Regulating Technology Firms in the 21st Century - Yang2020 - Andrew Yang for President
https://www.yang2020.com/blog/regulating-technology-firms-in-the-21st-century/
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1474521 2019-11-06T15:49:37Z 2019-11-06T15:49:38Z Our Tech and Our Markets Have an Anti-Human Agenda
“Engineers at our leading tech firms and universities tend to see human beings as the problem and technology as the solution.

When they are not developing interfaces to control us, they are building intelligence to replace us. Any of these technologies could be steered toward extending our human capabilities and collective power. Instead, they are deployed in concert with the demands of a marketplace, political sphere, and power structure that depend on human isolation and predictability in order to operate.”

Our Tech and Our Markets Have an Anti-Human Agenda
https://medium.com/team-human/our-tech-and-our-markets-have-an-anti-human-agenda-be21d4db767c
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1471801 2019-10-30T11:14:34Z 2019-10-30T11:14:34Z Read the Letter Facebook Employees Sent to Mark Zuckerberg About Political Ads
“We are proud to work for a place that enables that expression, and we believe it is imperative to evolve as societies change. As Chris Cox said, “We know the effects of social media are not neutral, and its history has not yet been written.””

Read the Letter Facebook Employees Sent to Mark Zuckerberg About Political Ads
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/28/technology/facebook-mark-zuckerberg-letter.html
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1467895 2019-10-19T21:53:15Z 2019-10-19T21:53:15Z We need an economic model that works for people and the planet
“This is the good news. Hearts and minds are changing. An increasing number of millennials, business leaders and women in particular are calling for a new kind of market: a sustainable market, an inclusive, equitable, green and profitable market where sustainable principles drive growth, generating long-term value through the integration and balance of natural, social, human and financial capital.”

We need an economic model that works for people and the planet
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/09/how-to-make-markets-more-sustainable/
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1467679 2019-10-19T10:38:14Z 2019-10-19T10:38:14Z Opinion | Marc Benioff: We Need a New Capitalism
“But capitalism as it has been practiced in recent decades — with its obsession on maximizing profits for shareholders — has also led to horrifying inequality. Globally, the 26 richest people in the world now have as much wealth as the poorest 3.8 billion people, and the relentless spewing of carbon emissions is pushing the planet toward catastrophic climate change. In the United States, income inequality has reached its highest level in at least 50 years, with the top 0.1 percent — people like me — owning roughly 20 percent of the wealth while many Americans cannot afford to pay for a $400 emergency. It’s no wonder that support for capitalism has dropped, especially among young people.”

Opinion | Marc Benioff: We Need a New Capitalism
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/14/opinion/benioff-salesforce-capitalism.html
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1464293 2019-10-09T18:09:10Z 2019-10-09T18:12:22Z AI Alignment Podcast: Human Compatible: Artificial Intelligence and the Problem of Control with Stuart Russell - Future of Life Institute
“And so a machine should be intelligent if its actions achieve its goals. And then of course we have to supply the goals in the form of reward functions or cost functions or logical goals statements. And that works up to a point. It works when machines are stupid. And if you provide the wrong objective, then you can reset them and fix the objective and hope that this time what the machine does is actually beneficial to you. But if machines are more intelligent than humans, then giving them the wrong objective would basically be setting up a kind of a chess match between humanity and a machine that has an objective that’s across purposes with our own. And we wouldn’t win that chess match.”

AI Alignment Podcast: Human Compatible: Artificial Intelligence and the Problem of Control with Stuart Russell - Future of Life Institute
https://futureoflife.org/2019/10/08/ai-alignment-podcast-human-compatible-artificial-intelligence-and-the-problem-of-control-with-stuart-russell/
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1458129 2019-09-22T10:33:43Z 2019-09-22T10:33:44Z WeWork and the Great Unicorn Delusion
“Since going public, Uber’s valuation has fallen nearly 50 percent. The company is on pace to lose more than $8 billion this year, due to onetime payouts to Uber employees and mounting quarterly losses. And that was before California codified a court ruling that could force the company to reclassify its workforce as full-time employees, something with the potential to transform its domestic business.”

WeWork and the Great Unicorn Delusion
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/09/unicorn-delusion/598465/
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1458113 2019-09-22T08:58:33Z 2019-09-22T08:58:34Z New surveillance tech means you'll never be anonymous again
“In the US, San Francisco, Somerville and Oakland recently banned the use of facial recognition by law enforcement and government agencies, while Portland is talking about forbidding the use of facial recognition entirely, including by private businesses. A coalition of 30 civil society organisations, representing over 15 million members combined, is calling for a federal ban on the use of facial recognition by US law enforcement.”

New surveillance tech means you'll never be anonymous again
https://www.wired.co.uk/article/surveillance-technology-biometrics
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1449741 2019-08-29T14:47:02Z 2019-08-29T14:47:03Z Silicon Valley's Secret Philosophers Should Share Their Work
“There is a growing pattern of tech luminaries posing as open to concerns and then swiftly dismissing them. Yuval Noah Harari, the influential author Sapiens and Homo Deus and a historian concerned about technology’s capacity to harm humanity’s future, has captured the attention of many Silicon Valley grandees. Yet, in his recent discussion with Mark Zuckerberg, when Harari openly worried that authoritarian forms of government become more likely as data collection gets concentrated in the hands of a few, Zuckerberg replied that he is “more optimistic about democracy.” Throughout the conversation, Zucker­berg seemed unable or unwilling to take Harari’s questions about Facebook’s negative impact on the world seriously. Similarly, Twitter cofounder Jack Dorsey is very public about his love of Eastern philosophy and meditation practices as ways of leading a more reflective, focused life, but is quick to brush aside the idea that Twitter has design features that hijack people’s attention and get them to spend time aimlessly cruising the platform. The gap between preaching and practicing in Silicon Valley isn’t promising.”

Silicon Valley's Secret Philosophers Should Share Their Work
https://www.wired.com/story/silicon-valleys-secret-philosophers-should-share-their-work/
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tag:digitalethics.net,2013:Post/1448869 2019-08-26T21:06:11Z 2019-08-26T21:06:11Z The Glimmer of a Climate New World Order
“Saturday at the Atlantic, Franklin Foer proposed that meaningful action to combat warming may require that the bedrock principle of national sovereignty be retired, such that leaders like Bolsonaro (or, for that matter, Trump) won’t be able to operate with impunity on climate issues which, despite playing out within those nations’ borders, impact the rest of the world as well (often more so, since impacts are distributed unequally). “If there were a functioning global community, it would be wrestling with how to more aggressively save the Amazon, and acknowledging that the battle against climate change demands not only new international cooperation but, perhaps, the weakening of traditional concepts of the nation-state,” he wrote. “The case for territorial incursion in the Amazon is far stronger than the justifications for most war.””

The Glimmer of a Climate New World Order
http://nymag.com/intelligencer/2019/08/climate-at-the-g-7-glimmers-of-a-new-world-order.html
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